タグ別アーカイブ: 発音

Linking pronunciation class homework answers

Thanks to the students who came to my latest pronunciation class. We studied different rules about linking: consonant-vowel links, vowel-vowel links with an added /w/ or/j/ sound, and same or similar consonant-consonant links.

Try to mark in all the links below. You’ll find the answers underneath.

A: But Tom, I really want to go out with them today. I already missed two opportunities and was late twice too.

B: Not today, Amy. I’ve finished work now and have got to collect Tim from Mandy’s so I need the car.

  1. I want two apples and one big grapefruit.
  2. Both the windows are broken.
  3. My friend isn’t going to be on time.
  4. I can’t tell when Neil’s joking.
  5. These are the best tomatoes I’ve ever had.

Below are the answers.

_ = consonant-vowel links, vowel-vowel links with an added /w/ or/j/ sound

– = same or similar consonant-consonant links

A: But-Tom, I really want-to (or wanna) go_/w/_out with-them today. I_/j/_already missed-two_/w/_opportunities_and was late-twice too.

B: Not-today,_/j/_ Amy. I’ve-finished work now_and have got-to (or gotta) collect-Tim from-Mandy’s-so I need-the car.

  1. I want-two_/w/_apples_and_one big-grapefruit.
  2. Both-the windows_are broken.
  3. My friend_isn’t going to be_/j/_on time.
  4. I can’t-tell when Neil’s joking.
  5. These_are the best-tomatoes I’ve_ever had.

How did you do? Don’t forget it’s REALLY IMPORTANT that you SAY the sentences ALOUD to practise. Have fun!

 

(Thanks to Oxford Online English for the sentences.)

広告

Happy New Year, plus events in January

Happy New Year to you!

Welcome to my blog in 2015 with a new title image and pages now in Japanese to help you get around the site.

Coming up at NELS this month is our New Year Party on Jan 17th. Click here for more information in Japanese.

Check out photos from last year’s party.

Join us for more mulled wine and fun and games!

Also, I’ll have my monthly pronunciation lesson on Jan 25th. This month the focus is on the sounds /f/, /h/ and /w/. Find out more here.

I hope to see you soon at NELS!

/m/ and /n/ anemone tongue twister fun!

Yesterday in my /m/, /n/ and ‘ng’ pronunciation lesson, we had fun learning some tongue twisters including this one on the video. Check it out and join in the fun!

Many an anemone sees an enemy anemone.

Pronunciation video /m/, /n/, and ng

Recently, before my next pronunciation classes I have been making promotional videos about the upcoming class. Check out the latest one for the sounds /m/, /n/ and ng on YouTube here:

Did you say ‘glove’ or ‘globe’?

In another of my pronunciation  clarification posts, let me explain the difference between ‘glove’ and ‘globe’.

Put the glove/globe over there.

This is about the difference between /v/ and /b/.

/b/ is a pair sound with /p/ and your lips touch.

/v/ is a pair sound with /f/ and your lips don’t touch. Your top teeth can lightly rest on your bottom lip.

Both /b/ and /v/ are voiced sounds where you use your voice to make the sounds. (You don’t use your voice to make /p/ and/f/.)

For more information about how to make these sounds, look here for /b/ and /p/. Look here for /v/ and /f/.

‘th’ pronunciation practise in sentences

As promised from my most recent pronunciation lesson on the ‘th’ sounds, if you follow this link you can download and view or print out some excellent practise sentences for ‘th.

Use the cards as flash cards and practise them everyday, remembering to ‘touch your tongue’!

Enjoy!

Did you say ‘club’ or ‘crab’?

‘I ate a CLUB sandwich.’

‘I ate a CRAB sandwich.’

You can see the differences in the spellings of club and crab, but here’s how to say the differences:

Let’s start from the end of the words – UB and AB. The vowels U and A are different. Repeat and remember ‘umbrella UB umbrella UB’ until you can just say UB.

Then say ‘apple AB apple AB’ until you can just say AB.

Next say ‘UB AB UB AB UB AB…’

Again, you have the /l/ and /r/ issue, so first practice the two sounds (see my previous post on this). Say ‘L R L R L R’.

Next, let’s add the /l/ to UB: Say LUB, LUB, LUB…

And add the /r/ to AB: Say RAB, RAB, RAB…

You now need to make the /kl/ sound for CL-UB. The two sounds /k/ and /l/ finish with your tongue touching the roof of your mouth, and your lips open and relaxed. For Japanese speakers, focus on saying the sounds /k/ and /l/ as close together as possible, and stop quickly too so you don’t say ‘kulu’, but just /kl/. CL, CL,CL… Your brain and mouth will want to prepare to say UB, so after /kl/ make sure your mouth is in position to make the U sound. Then go ahead and say it all: CLUB, CLUB, CLUB…!

The beginning sound for CRAB is /kr/, so your lip and mouth position is very different compared with /kl/. To start, round your lips like in a kiss and again say the two sounds /k/ and /r/ as close together and as short as you can. CR, CR, CR… Your lips stay rounded until your mouth opens as you add AB to the end. Say CRAB CRAB CRAB…!

Finally, you should be ready to contrast the two words: Say them slowly and clearly, focusing on making the different sounds different: CLUB, CRAB, CLUB, CRAB.

You did it!

Did you say ‘dairy’ or ‘daily’?

If you look at the pronunciation, you can see some differences between  DAIRY /ˈdeə.ri/ and  DAILY /ˈdeɪ.li/.

The ‘dair of ‘ dairy is like ‘hair’, so repeat ‘hair -ry dair-ry’.

The ‘dai’ of ‘daily is like ‘day’. There aren’t any common rhyming words, so repeat ‘day dai-ly’.

The main difficulty for Japanese speakers is the difference between /l/ and /r/.  Practise ‘ry’ and ‘ly’.

(Take a look at Rachel’s English videos on l and r for some good tips about these sounds – or come to my next pronunciation lesson!)

Then say ‘dair – ry’ and ‘dai – ly’ slowly, making sure your mouth is in the correct position to make /r/ and /l/ at the end.

Finally, practise saying the full words, smoothly linking the ‘dair – ry’ to ‘dairy’ and ‘dai – ly’ to ‘daily’.

Next up, I’ll explain the difference between CLUB and CRAB…

Still to come:

GLOVE – GLOBE

BALL – BULL

LIVE – LEAVE

Do you mean row or row?!

Thanks to Fuyu for her question, here’s a way to tell the difference between 1) ROW ( line, row a boat ) and 2) ROW ( quarrel, noise ):

1) is like go and so – ‘So go row!’

2) is like cow and now – ‘row now cow!’

Both of these 3 word phrases are actually proper sentences! (Although you obviously wouldn’t ever tell a cow to row!)

Please keep your requests coming!

Did you say row, or roe, or was it raw?

From a request from Fuyu, here are my tips to tell the difference between  these words ROE , RAW, and ROW.

Firstly, ‘roe’ and ‘row’ are pronounced the same, and sound just like ‘go’ and ‘so’.  So row roe go!

‘Raw’ /rɔː/ UK    /rɑː/ US, in British English rhymes with ‘or’ and ‘door’. Repeat ‘Raw or door’ slowly and clearly. All three words should sound the same.